In 2016, the Company enhanced the business operations towards “sustainable development” in order to respond to sustainable development goals (SGDs) to be coherent with the context and international standard. The Company will be adhering to the business operations that are responsible for the economy, society and the environment.
In 2017, the Company presented the Sustainable Development Report to be evaluated of the Company’s operations that resonate with the Corporate SGD Index by Thaipat Institute. It turned out that the Company was ranked the 15th out of 21 companies in the category of resources and the 27th out of 124 participating companies that were evaluated the Corporate SGD Index.
Leaders from 193 UN member states had approved of the Sustainable Development Goals in the United Nations General Assembly – UNGA on Friday September 25, 2015. These will be the global development agendas for the next 15 years (2016-2030), consisting of 17 goals as follows:
Eradication of Poverty
1.1 By the year 2030, severe poverty of all sorts will be eradicated. Poverty is hereby defined as those with daily living expense of lower than 1.25 USD.
1.2 By the year 2030, the proportion of boys and girls of all age ranges living in poverty will be decreased by at least half. Poverty is hereby defined by each country’s definition.
1.3 Operate the business to yield outcomes that satisfy the systems and social protection protocols that are appropriate for each country, inclusive of the poor and the fragile individuals by the year 2030.
1.4 By the year 2030, it is to be guaranteed that male and female living in poverty have equal rights in terms of economic resources, as well as access to basic services, having ownership and control over the land and other forms of real estate, inheritance, natural resources, new technology and financial services, inclusive of microfinance system.
1.5 By the year 2030, the intention is set to build immunity and minimize the exposure and fragility to severe incidents related to climate and economic, social and environmental disasters for the poor living in fragile situations.
1.a Provide guarantee that there will be a significant resource mobilization from different sources, including the enhancement of collaboration for mutual development, to pave adequate and predictable approaches for developing countries, especially the least developed ones, in executing the plan and policy to combat poverty in all dimensions.
1.b Built an appropriate policy framework in a national, regional and international level on the basis of pro-poor development strategy, with an awareness of gender-sensitivity in order to accelerate investment initiatives to combat poverty.
Eradication of Famine, Achievement of Improved Nutritional Stability and Encouragement of Sustainable Agriculture
2.1 Put a stop to famine and provide guarantee for everybody especially the poor living in fragile situations, including infants, that they will have access to hygienic, nutritional and enough food throughout the year, by the year 2030.
2.2 Put a stop to all types of mal-nutrition and solving problems regarding nutritional requirements for adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and the elderly by the year 2030, and achieve mutually agreed goals among nations regarding dwarfism and glaucoma in children below 5 years of age within 2025.
2.3 Increase agricultural productivity and revenue for minor food producers, especially women, local people, family agriculturists, livestock domesticators, and fishermen by 2 times, including the access to land, resources and import factors in manufacturing, knowledge, financial services, market and opportunities to add value and safe and equal employment opportunities outside the farm, by the year 2030.
2.4 Provide guarantee that there will be a sustainable food production system that complies with the immune agricultural practices that can increase productivity and yields, to help preserve the ecosystem, enhance potential to adapt to changing climatic conditions, severe climate, draught, flood and other disasters, as well as to continuously help develop the land and soil quality by the year 2030.
2.5 Maintain the diversity of seeds, animals in the fields and those domesticated in the house, and natural species of plants and animals, with the availability of seed bank that is well-managed and diverse in the national, regional and international levels. Guarantee is to be provided that access and sharing of benefits derived from using genetic resources and local knowledge will be available in a fair and equal manner, as agreed among nations, by the year 2030.
Increase investment projects and enhance collaborative actions among nations in terms of rural infrastructure, agricultural research and service expansion, technological development and having plant and animal genes bank in order to uplift competitive edge in producing agricultural products in developing countries, especially in the least developed ones.
2.b Solve and prevent commercial obstruction and distortion in the global agricultural market, including identification of ways to support agricultural products for export and export measures that yield similar outcomes, as agreed in the mandate of the Doha Development Round.
2.c Exercise protocols that allow the food and derivatives markets to work appropriately, with facilitation of access to market information and food reserve database in a timely manner in order to minimize severe fluctuation of food prices.
To ensure a happy living and to encourage well-being of everyone in every age group
3.1 Reduce the global mortality rate of mothers to be lower than 70%, compared to 100,000 infants being born by the year 2030.
3.2 Put a stop to preventable deaths of infants and children under 5 years old. Every country is to attempt to reduce the mortality rate of infants down to 12 as opposed to 1,000 children being born by the year 2030.
3.3 Put a stop to the transmission of HIV, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases, and combat hepatitis, waterborne diseases and other contagious diseases by the year 2030.
3.4 Reduce premature death rate from non-communicable diseases by one-third through prevention and treatment measures, as well as encourage mental health and well-being by the year 2030.
3.5 Strengthen the preventive measures and treatment for misuse of substances, inclusive of misusing drugs and dangerous use of alcohol.
3.6 Reduce the global mortality rate and injuries caused by road accidents by half by the year 2020.
3.7 Provide guarantee that access to service, information, education on reproductive health is comprehensively available, including family planning and the integration of reproductive health to the national agenda and execution plan by the year 2030.
3.8 Achieve the universal health coverage, as well as prevention of financial risks and access to essential and quality public health services, medicine and vaccines that are safe, efficient, of good quality and reasonably priced.
3.9 Significantly reduce mortality rate and illnesses caused by dangerous chemicals, contaminants and air, water and soil pollution by the year 2030.
3.a Support the execution plan as agreed in the World Health Organization’s convention framework regarding tobacco control in every country as necessary.
3.b Support research and development of vaccines and medicine that cure communicable and non-communicable diseases that directly impact developing countries; to encourage access to essential medicine and vaccines that are affordable as prescribed in the Doha Declaration on the intellectual property and public health, which confirms eligibility for developing countries to fully exercise the provision on trade-related intellectual property in terms of allowing compromises in order to preserve public health especially full access to medicine.
3.c Increase spending on health-related causes, recruitment, development, training and retention of public health personnel in developing countries, especially in the least developed ones and developing states that are small islands.
3.d Enhance the competitive edge for every country, especially for developing countries in terms of advanced notifications, risk minimization and risk management on health issues in a national and global levels.
To ensure that quality education is available in a fair and comprehensive manner and to encourage life-long learning opportunities for everyone.
4.1 Provide guarantee that every boy and girl equally obtains primary and secondary education that is of good quality, with no extra expenditures, leading to efficient learning outcomes by the year 2030.
4.2 Provide guarantee that every boy and girl gets access to development, caretaking and quality pre-primary education for early childhood by the year 2030, to equip them with preparedness for primary education.
4.3 Every male and female is to be allowed access to technical, vocational, higher education and university education that is affordable and of good quality by the year 2030.
4.4 Increase the number of children and adults who possess essential skills, including technical and occupational skills for employment in pursuit of good career and entrepreneurship by the year 2030.
4.5 Eradicate gender inequality in education and provide guarantee that the fragile, including the disabled, native people and children, get access to education and vocational training of all levels in an equal manner by the year 2030.
4.6 Provide guarantee that every children and the majority of adults, both male and female, will be literate and able to perform calculations by the year 2030.
4.7 Provide guarantee that every learner gains knowledge and required skills to achieve sustainable development, including the education on sustainable development and sustainable living, human rights, gender equality, advocacy for a peaceful, non-violent culture, global citizenship, cultural diversity and participation in sustainable development activities by the year 2030.
4.a Build and improve educational equipment and apparatus that can harm children, the disabled or certain genders, and facilitate safe learning environment, free of violence, comprehensive and efficient for everyone.
4.b Increase the number of scholarships globally for developing countries especially the least developed ones, developing states that are small islands and countries in Africa, in applying for higher education, vocational education and information technology and communication courses, technical studies, engineering and science in developed countries and developing countries by the year 2020.
4.c Increase the number of quality teachers, through international collaboration to train educators in developing countries especially the least developed ones and developing states that are small islands by the year 2030.
Achieve gender equality and empower women and girls
5.1 Terminate all sorts of discrimination towards women and girls.
5.2 Eradicate all sorts of violence towards women and girls in public and private places, including human trafficking, sexual harassment and exploitation of benefits.
5.3 Eradicate all inappropriate practices such as forced, premature marriage in children and harming of female genital organ.
5.4 Accept and value unpaid home domestication work by providing public services, infrastructure and social protection policy, encouraging mutual responsibility in the household in a way that suits each country’s situation.
5.5 Provide guarantee that women will have full involvement and equal opportunity in taking the leadership roles in all levels regarding making political, economic and public decisions.
5.6 Provide guarantee that access to sexual health, reproductive health and fertility is widely available, as agreed in the execution plan from the international meeting on the topic of population and development, and Beijing Execution Plan and follow up reports from those meetings.
5.a Proceed with the reform that allows equal rights for women in economic resources, including taking ownership of the land, controlling land and other forms of assets, using financial services, receiving inheritance and natural resources as prescribed by the country’s law.
5.b Increase the use of technology, especially the information technology and communication to enhance female empowerment.
5.c Utilize and strengthen good policies and enforceable regulations in order to encourage gender equality and empowerment to women and girls of all levels.
Ensure that water and sanitation are being sustainably managed and in the right condition for use.
6.1 Achieve the goal that aims for access to drinking water that is safe and affordable for everyone by the year 2030.
6.2 Achieve the goal that aims for access to sanitation that is adequate and fair, termination of excretion in public places, with extra attention on needs of women, girls and those in fragile situations by the year 2030.
6.3 Enhance the quality of water by reducing pollution, refraining from inappropriate garbage disposal and discharge of chemicals and hazardous materials, reducing the amount of untreated sewage by half and encouraging reuse in a global scale by the year 2030.
6.4 Enhance the effectiveness of water usage in every sector, provide guarantee for sustainable water usage and sourcing to solve water shortage problem, and reduce the number of citizens who suffer from water shortage crisis by the year 2030.
6.5 Execute a fully-integrated approach to water resource management by forming cooperation along the borders as appropriate by the year 2030.
6.6 Protect and revive the ecosystem related to water sources, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes by the year 2020.
6.a Expand international collaboration and strengthening of competencies for developing countries in activities and execution plans related to water and hygiene, including water storage, desalination, effective use of water, treatment of wastewater and water reuse technology.
6.b Encourage and strengthen local community’s involvement in developing water management and sanitation approaches.
Ensure that everyone gets access to energy sources that are modern, sustainable, and reliable and that suit one’s purchasing power.
7.1 Provide guarantee that access to new generation energy services that are affordable and reliable will be available by the year 2030.
7.2 Increase the proportion of renewable energy in the global energy utilization by the year 2030.
7.3 Increase the proportion of the effectiveness of global energy consumption by 2 times by the year 2030.
7.a Enhance international collaboration in facilitating access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy consumption effectiveness, advanced and clean fossil fuel technology, and encouraging investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology by the year 2030.
7.b Expand the infrastructure and develop energy transportation technology that is modern and sustainable in developing countries, especially the least developed ones and developing states that are small islands by the year 2030.
Encourage sustainable and thorough economic growth and support employment and recruitment potential and valuable jobs for everyone.
8.1 Encourage sustainable economic growth per capita in the context of each country, especially to increase the GDP of the least developed countries by at least 7% per year.
8.2 Achieve higher economic productivity via diversification, enhancement of technology and innovation, and focus on sectors that have high value-added features and intensive use of labor.
8.3 Support the policy that encourages development of productive activities, appropriate job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and that encourages the establishment and growth of minor, small and medium enterprises, including access to financial services.
8.4 Develop the effectiveness in global energy consumption and production, and attempt to terminate linkages between economic growth and environmental deterioration, according to the 10-year execution plan on sustainable consumption and production, with developed countries taking the lead in this initiative up until the year 2030.
8.5 Achieve thorough and productive employment, with appropriate jobs for all women and men, including children and the disabled, as well as equal remuneration for jobs of equal values by the year 2030.
8.6 Decrease the proportion of children who are unemployed, uneducated and not trained by the year 2020.
8.7 Execute the protocols immediately and effectively to terminate forced labor, modern slavery and human trafficking, and suppress child labor in the worst form, including child enlistment and all sorts of child labor by the year 2025.
8.8 Protect labor rights and encourage work environment that is safe and reliable for all workers, including foreign labor, especially women and those working in risky areas.
8.9 Design and utilize the policy that encourages sustainable tourism that creates jobs, culture and local products by the year 2030.
8.10 Strengthen the country’s financial institutions in order to promote and allow access to commercial banks, insurance and financial services to everybody.
8.a Incorporate aid for trade for developing countries, especially the least developed ones, including channels for integrated academic aid related to trade for the least developed countries.
8.b Develop and encourage the global execution for youth employment and the global employment agreement advocated by the International Labor Organization by the year 2020.
Improve the infrastructure that has capacity for changes and encourage adjustment towards sustainable and comprehensive industry, as well as support for innovation creation.
9.1 Improve the infrastructure that is of quality, reliable, sustainable and durable, including the infrastructure in regional and along the border areas in order to support economic development and well-being of citizens, focusing on affordable and fair price for everyone.
9.2 Encourage industrial development that is comprehensive and sustainable by the year 2030, increasing industrial share in terms of employment and the GDP that aligns with the country’s conditions and to double the share in the least developed countries.
9.3 Increase access to financial services, including affordable credit allowance for small industry and enterprises, especially in developing countries and to incorporate this group into the value chain and the market.
9.4 Enhance the infrastructure and improve the industry towards sustainability, by increasing the effectiveness in natural resource utilization, technological utilization and clean and environment-friendly industrial process, whereby every country executes to the best of their own capabilities by the year 2030.
9.5 Increase the scientific research and uplift the technological competency for the industrial sector in every country, especially for developing countries. By the year 2030, innovation promotion will be activated and the number of research and development personnel will be increased for the proportion of 1 million citizens, and the public and private spending on research and development will also be increased.
9.a Facilitate the development of sustainable and durable infrastructure in developing countries, via enhancement of financial service provision, technological and academic support in African countries, the least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small-island developing states.
9.b Encourage technological development research and innovation in developing countries, as well as devise policies that lead to industrial diversity and enhancement of value-added features for consumer products.
9.c Facilitate technological access in terms of information and communication, and provide comprehensive access to the Internet in affordable prices for the least developed countries by the year 2020.
Decrease the chance of inequality in a domestic and an international setting.
10.1 To proceed with the reduction of inequality on a continuous manner and maintain income growth of 40% of the least well-off population to be higher than the average income generation of that particular country by the year 2030.
10.2 Empower and encourage social, economic and political inclusion for everyone, regardless of age, gender, physical disability, race, ethnic group, place of birth, religion, economic status or others by the year 2030.
10.3 Provide guarantee that equal opportunity will be achieved and inequality of outcomes will be reduced, including the abolition of laws, policies or practices that obstruct equality, as well as support the enactment of laws, policies and practices that are appropriate for this issue.
10.4 Select the policies, especially ones that are related to finance, remuneration and social protection, which enable the achievement of equality measures on a continuous manner.
10.5 Improve the regulations and follow-up protocols for financial market and global financial institutes, as well as strengthen the execution of such regulations.
10.6 Provide guarantee that there will be more representatives and voices for developing countries in the decision-making process for international economic and financial institutes for higher efficiency, credibility, responsibility and fairness.
10.7 Facilitate evacuation and mobilization of population in a peaceful, safe, organized and responsible manner, with the evacuation policy that is well-planned and well-managed.
10.a Execute special and different practices for developing countries, especially the least developed ones, in accordance with the agreement of the World Trade Organization.
10.b Provide assistance for formal development and flow of money, including foreign direct investment in the states that are most in need of investment, especially in the least developed countries, African countries, small-island developing states and landlocked developing countries, in pursuit of certain countries’ execution plan.
10.c Reduce expenditures from making financial transactions for migrant remittances to be lower than 3% and get rid of remittance corridors that are higher than 5% by the year 2030.
Make the city and settlement safe and thorough for everyone; in a sustainable manner and ready for changes in the future.
11.1 Provide guarantee that access to safe habitats and standard services will be adequately available in affordable prices and that the congested communities will be improved by the year 2030.
11.2 Provide public transportation that is sustainable, accessible, safe and affordable for everyone, and improve road safety by expanding the public transportation network, with special consideration for those in fragile situations, women, girls, the disabled and the elderly by the year 2030.
11.3 Enhance urban development and competency to be comprehensive and sustainable for settlement planning and management that involves stakeholders for sustainable integration in every country by the year 2030.
11.4 Attempt to protect and maintain cultural heritage and global natural heritage.
11.5 Reduce the number of deaths and people affected, and minimize direct economic impact related to the global GDP caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, focusing on the poor and those in fragile situations by the year 2030.
11.6 Reduce the negative impact on the environment for each citizen, with consideration of the air quality and waste disposal by the municipality and other related bodies by the year 2030.
11.7 Provide access to the green public areas that are safe and comprehensively accessible, especially for women, children, the elderly and those with physical impairment by the year 2030.
11.a Support economic, social and environmental linkages in a positive manner in the urban, suburban and countryside areas, by strengthening the national and regional development plans.
11.b Within the year 2020, the number of cities will increase, and the human settlement processes will be in accordance with the policy and integrated plans, leading to comprehensiveness, effective use of resources and minimization of impact caused by adjustment to the climatic conditions, enabling immunity to disasters. Comprehensive development and risk management protocols are to be exercised, in accordance with the Sendai Framework in order to minimize risks borne from disasters for the period of 2015-2030.
11.c Provide support to the least developed countries with financial and academic assistance in building sustainable and durable buildings using local materials.
Ensure sustainable production and consumption frameworks
12.1 Implement the 10-year execution plan on sustainable production and consumption. Every country is to execute the plan, whereby developed countries will be the leaders, with consideration to development of competencies for developing countries.
12.2 Achieve sustainable management and effective utilization of natural resources by the year 2030.
12.3 Reduce the amount of global food waste by half for the retail sector and consumers, and reduce the loss from production and supply chain, as well as loss after harvests by the year 2030.
12.4 Achieve successful management of chemicals and wastes in an environment-friendly manner throughout their whole life cycle, in accordance with the international collaboration framework that has been agreed. Reduction of chemicals and wastes discharge to the air, water and soil is to be significantly achieved in order to minimize negative impact on humans’ health and environment as much as possible by the year 2020.
12.5 Reduce production of waste by preventing, minimizing, processing, and reusing by the year 2030.
12.6 Encourage companies, especially multi-national and large companies, to adopt sustainable practices and integrate sustainability information in the report structure of the companies.
12.7 Encourage sustainable purchasing and procurement practices for the public according to the policy and priority of the country.
12.8 Provide guarantee that citizens have relevant information and that they do realize the significance of sustainable development and way of life that coheres with the nature by the year 2030.
12.a Advocate developing countries in strengthening the scientific and technological competencies that will drive the country towards sustainable production and consumption.
12.b Develop and execute tools to monitor the impact of sustainable tourism that creates jobs and supports local culture and products.
12.c Refrain from using ineffective fossil fuel that leads to excessive consumption by getting rid of marketing distortion and to encourage alignment with the country’s actual situation, as well as adjusting the tax structure and terminating patronage of such risky practices in order to reflect environmental impact, with full consideration of necessity and specific conditions of developing countries, and to reduce potential negative impact it may have on the development of those countries in ways that involve protection of the poor and affected communities.
Take urgent actions to combat climate changes and potential impact.
13.1 Equip immunity and competency for adjustment to dangers and natural resources related to the climatic conditions in every country.
13.2 Integrate protocols related to climate changes in the policies, strategic plan and national planning.
13.3 Develop the education, creation of awareness and competencies of human and institutions in the alleviation of climate change impact, adjustment and advanced notifications of disasters.
13.a Fulfill the obligations towards developed countries, who are key parties to the United Nations’ Convention on climate changes, with shared goals to raise funds of 100,000 million USD per year by the year 2020 to solve problems in developing countries in reducing significant greenhouse gases, with transparent operations, enabling the Green Climate Fund to operate at its maximum effectiveness by way of capitalization.
13.b Encourage mechanism that will help uplift competencies in planning and managing related to climate change in an efficient manner in the least developed countries and to place emphasis on women, children and local communities along the borders.
Conserve and capitalize on the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development purposes.
14.1 Prevent and reduce all kinds of marine pollution, especially those caused by on-shore activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution by the year 2025.
14.2 Manage and protect the marine and coastline ecosystems to avoid negative impact, as well as enhance immunity and conduct revival activities for healthy and productive marine resources by the year 2020.
14.3 Reduce and solve problems related to acidity in the oceans by increasing scientific collaboration in all levels.
14.4 By the year 2020, marine harvests, excessive fishery and unlawful fishery with no reports and control are to be efficiently monitored. This also includes deteriorative fishery and the protocols to be exercised must be based on the scientific principles in order to recover fish stock in the shortest possible timeframe, and to achieve maximum sustainable yield according to the biological attributes of marine creatures.
14.5 By the year 2020, at least 10% of the marine and coastline areas is to be conserved as prescribed by the international and domestic laws, and to be based on the scientific information available at hands.
14.6 By the year 2020, certain types of fishery that lead to excessive, uncontrolled fishery must be terminated, forbidding unlawful fishery that has no report and control systems. Any acts of facilitation to such practices are to be stopped and it is to be realized that special and appropriate practices are to be exercised in developing countries and the least developed ones. These topics are to be integrated in the fishery facilitation of the World Trade Organization.
14.7 By the year 2030, economic benefits are to be enhanced for small-island developing states and the least developed countries through sustainable use of marine resources, and through sustainable management in fishery, aquaculture and tourism.
14.a Enhance scientific knowledge, research capability and marine technology dissemination, with consideration of criteria and practices regarding marine technology dissemination of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission in order to improve the quality of the oceans and increase biodiversity in the sea, which will facilitate the development of developing countries, especially for small-island developing states and the least developed countries.
14.b Ensure that access to marine resources and markets is available for minor local fishermen.
14.c Enhance the conservation and utilization of the oceans and their resources on a sustainable manner as prescribed in the UNCLOS, which is the legal framework for sustainable conservation and utilization of oceans and resources, as stated in Paragraph 158 of the Future We Want document.
Protect, revive and support the sustainable capitalization of terrestrial ecosystems, forest management, combat desertification, termination and revival of soil deterioration and termination of damage to the biodiversity.
15.1 Provide guarantee that sustainable conservation, revival and utilization of terrestrial and freshwater ecosystem and sustainable ecosystem services will be available, especially forests, wetlands, mountains and arid areas, with reference to the regulations stated in the international agreement by the year 2020.
15.2 Encourage sustainable management for every type of forest, terminate deforestation, revive deteriorating forests and encourage reforestation all over the globe by the year 2020.
15.3 Combat desertification, revive the land and deteriorating soil, as well as land that has been impacted from the desertification, drought, flood and the attempt to get rid of soil deterioration by the year 2030.
15.4 Provide guarantee that the mountain ecosystem and biodiversity of such ecosystems will be maintained in order to enhance capabilities of those ecosystems to yield significant outcomes for sustainable development by the year 2030.
15.5 Execute necessary and urgent actions in order to minimize deterioration of natural habitats and terminate the damage of biodiversity. By the year 2020, protection and prevention of threatened species will be achieved.
15.6 Provide guarantee that share of benefits from fair and equal utilization of genetic resources, and encourage appropriate access to those resources.
15.6 Provide guarantee that share of benefits from fair and equal utilization of genetic resources, and encourage appropriate access to those resources.
15.8 Utilize protocols that prevent import and minimize impact of foreign species that invade terrestrial and marine ecosystems, and those that threaten priority species by the year 2020.
15.9 Integrate the value of ecosystem and biodiversity into the planning, development process, famine alleviation strategy and local and national accounting practices by the year 2020.
15.a Gather and increase financial resources from every channel for sustainable conservation and utilization of biodiversity and ecosystem.
15.b Gather and increase resources from every channel and every level to provide financial support for sustainable forest management, as well as provide appropriate incentives for developing countries to facilitate progress in management, which is inclusive of conservation and reforestation.
15.c Enhance global support for attempts to combat hunting and movement of protected species, as well as increase local communities’ competencies.
Encourage harmonious society with no discrimination for sustainable development, and with availability of fairness and incorporation of effective and acceptable institute that can be relied on by the general public.
16.1 Significantly minimize violence of all sorts and relevant mortality rate.
16.2 Terminate threatening and inappropriate seeking of benefits, human trafficking, violence and all sorts of torturing acts towards children.
16.3 Encourage the rules of law in national and international levels, and provide guarantee that equal access to fairness will be available to everyone.
16.4 Minimize smuggling of weapons and money, strengthen the follow-up procedures and return of assets that have been stolen, and combat all sorts of institutional crimes by the year 2030.
16.5 Refrain from occupational dishonesty and bribery of all sorts.
16.6 Improve the institutions towards efficiency, accountability and transparency in all levels.
16.7 Provide guarantee that the decision-making process is responsible, comprehensive and representative in all decision levels.
16.8 Expand and strengthen the participation of developing countries in global institutes.
16.9 Provide legal identity for everyone, with the provision of birth certificates by the year 2030.
16.10 Provide guarantee that the public can have access to the information and be protected of basic freedom, in relation to the domestic law and international agreement.
16.a Encourage strength for relevant national institutes, via international collaboration in order to build capabilities in all levels, especially in developing countries, in order to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crimes.
16.b Encourage and enforce the laws and policies that are against discrimination for sustainable development.
Strengthen the execution practices for tangible outcomes and encourage participation of international collaborative partnerships for sustainable development.
17.1 Strengthen the process of gathering domestic resources by providing support to developing countries in order to develop domestic competencies in tax collection and other revenue entitled to the government.
17.2 Developed countries will be obligated to formally and actively provide assistance to developing countries, including the commitment given by developed countries to achieve the ODA/GNI proportion of 0.7% for developing countries, and the ODA/GNI proportion of 0.15-0.20% for the least developed countries. In this regard, it is encouraged that the ODA/GNI target shall be at least 0.20% for the least developed countries.
17.3 Gather additional financial resources from various sources for developing countries.
17.4 Provide help to developing countries to achieve sustainability of long-term debt, by using collaborative policies that aim for debt financing, debt alleviation and debt structure adjustment as appropriate. The purpose is to solve foreign debt problems for poverty-stricken countries with high amount of debt in order to minimize debt burden.
17.5 Utilize and anticipate outcomes from the investment promotion system for the least developed countries.
17.6 Enhance international and regional collaboration in north-south, south-south, and tripartite formats. Access to science, technology and innovation is to be encouraged, as well as the enhancement of knowledge sharing as agreed, and collaboration of existing mechanisms, especially ones facilitated by the United Nations and the global technological facilitation mechanism.
17.7 Encourage the development, transmission and dissemination of environment-friendly technology for developing countries under the facilitative conditions for developing countries, including special condition as mutually agreed.
17.8 Provide technology bank and mechanism that help build scientific and technological competencies and innovation for the least developed countries to work at their best potential by the year 2017 and enhance the use of enabling technology, especially information technology and communication.
17.9 Enhance international collaboration for effective creation of competencies, and set goal for developing countries in support of the national plan for sustainable development, through north-south, south-south and tripartite collaborations.
17.10 Encourage the multilateral trade system that meets the international standard, with fair and open rules that prohibit discrimination under the World Trade Organization, and that has been finalized and approved of by the Doha Development Agenda.
17.11 Increase the share of export for developing countries significantly with regards to global export by at least 2 times in the year 2020.
17.12 Ensure the appropriate execution period for the access to duty free market and unlimited quantity over the long-term period for the least developed countries, in coherence with the decision of the World Trade Organization. It is to be guaranteed that product origins that involve special commercial privileges provided to the least developed countries must be transparent, simple and facilitate access to the market.
Systematic Issues, Policy and Institutional Compliance
17.13 Enhance the stability of the global macroeconomics via policy collaboration and policy compliance.
17.14 Uplift the policy compliance for sustainable development.
17.15 Respect the policy area and leadership of each country that will devise and execute the policy that diminish poverty towards sustainable development from collaboration of partners in different sectors.
17.16 Enhance the global collaborative partnership for sustainable development in different sectors that will contribute to gather and share knowledge, expertise, technology and financial resources in order to achieve sustainable development goals in every country, especially in developing countries.
17.17 Encourage and support collaborative partnership between governments, public-private sectors and the civil society on the basis of experience creation and resource strategy of partners, information, follow-up processes and verifiability.
17.18 Support competency creation for developing countries, the least developed countries and small-island developing states to increase the availability of quality, timely and reliable information, and should be categorized on the basis of income, gender, age, race, ethnic group, immigration status, physical disability, geographical location and other related attributes in the context of that particular country by the year 2020.
17.19 Further develop from existing information in terms of developing the monitoring of sustainable development progress that impacts the GDP and supporting the statistical competency creation in developing countries by the year 2030.